Stroke is the third largest cause of death around the world and, with a local incidence of 238/100,000, is an increasing burden to the health of the people of Qatar. Indeed, stroke in Qatar affects a young group of individuals at a mean age of 57 years (with 18% of affected under 45 years). This relatively young but disabled population, with an overall in-hospital mortality of 9.3%, is not only a burden to the Qatari healthcare system but causes great hardship to those inflicted as well as to their families.
A considerable body of evidence from animal and human studies has demonstrated a convincing role for genetics in the aetiology of stroke. However, very little work has been undertaken in the Qatari population mainly hampered by the existence of a large, well characterized stroke repository.
Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and the number one cause of chronic disability in the world. Due to the high prevalence in Qatar’s population of many risk factors for stroke – including diabetes, smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, hypertension and inactivity – the incidence of stroke is high. Notably, the average age of stroke patients in Qatar is far younger than would be seen in Europe or America. Many of these younger stroke patients are from Qatar’s expatriate low-income workers; many of these workers come from countries with high smoking rates and they often have undiagnosed medical conditions that may be contributing factors for stroke, such as hypertension and diabetes.
Fast and specialized medical intervention is the key to successful treatment for stroke patients. Time is brain, meaning the faster treatment can be given following a stroke, the better the chances of recovery. To ensure stroke patients are treated quickly, it is vital that the public know the signs and symptoms of stroke so they can identify the issue and immediately call 999 for help.
Although stroke is the one of the leading cause of death in Qatar and a leading cause of adult disability, many myths surround this disease. Test how much you know about stroke today.
|MYTH: Stroke cannot be prevented||FACT: Up to 80 percent of strokes are preventable|
|MYTH: There is no treatment for stroke||FACT: At any sign of stroke call 9-9-9- immediately. Treatment may be available|
|MYTH: Stroke only affects the elderly||FACT: Stroke is a “brain attack”|
|MYTH: Stroke happens in the heart||FACT: Stroke recovery is a lifelong process|
|MYTH: Stroke recovery only happens for the first few months after a stroke||FACT: Stroke is the 3rd leading cause of death in the QATAR|
|MYTH: Strokes are rare||FACT: Family history of stroke increases your chance for stroke|
|MYTH: Strokes are not hereditary||FACT: Temporary stroke symptoms are called transient ischemic attacks (TIA). They are warning signs prior to actual stroke and need to be taken seriously|